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Horns Bluff Refuge
Note: The sites of the J. Clark Akers Wildlife Complex (Upper)--C. M. Gooch Wildlife Management Area, Hop-In Refuge, Obion River Wildlife Management Area, and Maness Swamp Refuge should be considered as one IBA site if adequate documentation is available in that they form a contiguous area along the Obion River, Obion River Drainage Canal, and South Fork Obion River. The Horns Bluff Refuge and Bean Switch are part of this Complex and could be included with it under an umbrella IBA, but are not contiguous with it.
Six miles northeast of Alamo off Highway 54 in the counties of Crockett
and Gibson, Tennessee.
Physiographic Province: PIF 04 (East Gulf Coastal Plain); BCR 27 (Southeastern Coastal Plain)
Horns Bluff--Lat. 355131N Long. 0890631W
302' Horns Bluff
Size: 1,789 acres
USGS 7.5' quad: Alamo
Description: Acquired by the Tennessee Wildlife Resources Agency in 1991 and 1992, most of the area then consisted of marginal or abandoned farmland. This was converted back to bottomland forested wetlands. Fields are cultivated in the summer with food crops and flooded in the winter for waterfowl. There are nature trails, boardwalks, and an observation tower.
Ornithological Importance: Waterfowl is the criteria for the site.
Note 1. Waterfowl (ducks, geese, and swans) average from the "Tennessee Mid-Winter Waterfowl Survey," 2001-2005 is 1,231 birds. Numbers by years are: 2001 (1,525), 2002 (483), 2003 (1,404), 2004 (545) and 2005 (2,200). Mallard was the most common duck with an average of 989 birds or 80.3% of the average total waterfowl for the site. The next most common duck was Gadwall with an average of 183 birds or 14.8% of the average total waterfowl for the site.
Avg. No Season
Max. No. Season
Years of Data
B = Breeding, W = Wintering, SM = Spring Migration, FM = Fall Migration|
Source 2 1-Atlas Breeding Birds of Tennessee 2-Breeding Bird Surveys 3-Christmas Bird Counts
4-Point Counts 5-Refuge Counts 6-Personal observations 7-Other (specify)
Tennessee Wildlife Resources Agency
Contact: Carl Wirwa, Area Manager, 18 East Main Street, Alamo, TN 38001, 731-696-3197 or 731-423-5725, Carl.Wirwa@state.tn.us. TWRA Region I Office, 200 Lowell Thomas Drive, Jackson, TN 38301, 731-423-5725, 800-372-3928 (toll free in Tennessee).
Management Program: None
as an IBA site: February 2006--Yes 4 No 3
page was last updated on 02/19/06.